Lai Hang Wong was studying Bachelor of Health Science (Honours) Major in Nursing in Tung Wah College.
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses and is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). HPV infection is well-recognized as a causative agent in cervical cancer. More than 270 000 deaths from cervical cancer are estimated worldwide every year. In Hong Kong, the incidence rate of having cervical cancer was 12.1 per 100 000 female population in 2014. However, the vaccination rate in Hong Kong is lower than that in other countries. Male HPV vaccination rate was significantly lower than that of the female in Hong Kong. Exploring the perceptions of male college students refusing HPV vaccination, therefore, could add the body of knowledge for facilitating the local government to establish a comprehensive health promotion campaign related to HPV vaccination among the male adults in Hong Kong. Study Design: Exploratory qualitative design Aim: To explore the perceptions of refusing HPV vaccination among male college students in Hong Kong. Method: 20 participants participated in the face-to-face interviews. Unstructured interview with audio-tape was adopted to identify the reasons for refusing HPV vaccines among Hong Kong male college students. All interview tapes were used to transcribe and the coding process was used to categorize the themes. Results: The qualitative findings identified six major themes of the perceptions of refusing HPV vaccination among male participants including (1) lack of perceived risk; (2) knowledge deficit; (3) inadequate promotion; (4) price of HPV vaccine; (5) inconvenience to receive the HPV vaccine; (6) peer influence. Conclusion: The present findings suggest that promotion about the importance of HPV vaccination for males may not be adequate in the local context. More promotions on males should be launched in order to increase the HPV vaccination among the male adults in Hong Kong for the prevention of HPV infection.
Yoo Moonsook has completed her PhD at the age of 46 years from Yonsei University in Korea and she had been clinical experience for 18years. Her major is Nursing mangement. She is the dean of Ajou University College of Nursing. She has published more than 50 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as the president of Korean Association of College of Nursing and editorial board member of Korean Home Care Nursing Association.
PURPOSE: New graduate nurses experience a heavy work burden and stress in transitioning into professional nurses, which results in low job satisfaction and high turnover. In Korea, the turnover rate of new graduate nurses within the first year is very high at up to 29%. Positive psychological resources, such as PsyCap(Psychological Capital) and WE(Work Engagement), may promote the retention of new graduate nurses. This study examined the influence of PsyCap and WE on intention to remain in nursing, to provide data for developing a program to improve the retention of new graduate nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. A structured questionnaire was answered by 156 new graduate nurses working at two tertiary hospitals and one university hospital in South Korea. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the factors that influenced new graduate nurses’ intention to remain. RESULTS: The intention to remain of new graduate nurses was correlated significantly with PsyCap and WE. A hierarchical regression of intention to remain against general characteristics, PsyCap, and WE explained 33.8% of intention to remain of new graduate nurses(F = 13.185, p < .001). PsyCap(β = .413 p < .001) and WE(β = .274, p < .001) were influential in new graduate nurses’ intention to remain. CONCLUSIONS: In transitioning into a professional nurse, it is important to accumulate positive and supportive experiences to strengthen PsyCap and WE. In conclusion, to increase the intention to remain of new graduate nurses, organizational and systematic strategies should be provided to strengthen PsyCap and WE.